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2018-05-30 17:33:34 -0500 edited answer Do you know of any peer reviewed studies about the pedagogical value of teaching with Wikipedia?

Wiki Education has conducted its own research on student learning outcomes, conducted by Dr. Zachary McDowell.

The full report may be found here.

And a write up on our blog can be found here.

2018-02-12 12:16:16 -0500 edited answer How do I assign myself an article for peer review? How do I change my assigned article?

Assigning yourself an article to peer review

  1. Log in on and go to your course page.
  2. Go to the Articles tab to find articles other students have been working on. In the My Articles section of the Home tab, assign articles to yourself to review based on that list. You may want to assign yourself both the article and the Sandbox link so that you have both tracked easily. You can copy and paste the URL for each.

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Changing your assigned article

Once you have your assigned article, if you want to change your assigned article or peer review, click the (+/-) button to add or remove an article.

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Then, use the (-) to remove the article and add the new article title into the text box provided and click "assign"

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Related questions

How do I complete a peer review?
How do I review an article?

2018-02-12 12:09:13 -0500 edited answer How do I review an article?

This training module walks through the process:

Once you've composed your review feedback, you should find your classmate's talk page and post it in a new section there. (If you are critiquing a live article independently of any classmates' working on it, or if a group of classmates are collaborating on it, then you may want to leave your review on the article's talk page instead.)

Related questions

How do I complete a peer review?
How do I assign myself an article for peer review? How do I change my assigned article?

2017-12-20 18:27:47 -0500 edited answer What are Wiki Education's subject-specific handouts?

You can access all our subject-specific handouts here. There, you'll find handouts that walk through editing Wikipedia articles in the following subject areas:

  • Biographies
  • Chemistry
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Sciences
  • Genes and Proteins
  • Linguistics
  • Medicine
  • Political Science
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Species
  • Women’s Studies
2017-12-20 18:24:08 -0500 edited question What are Wiki Education's subject-specific handouts?

Where can I find the handouts offered by Wiki Education? What are the subject-specific handouts available?

2017-11-17 17:27:33 -0500 edited question How do I evaluate Wikipedia?

Tell me more about evaluating Wikipedia?

2017-11-17 17:27:02 -0500 edited answer How do I evaluate Wikipedia?

Resources available

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In your sandbox

To complete the "Evaluating Wikipedia" assignment, create a section in your Sandbox titled "Article Evaluation" and leave your evaluation there.

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Related Questions

How do I add a sub-heading or new section?

2017-11-17 17:07:30 -0500 edited answer How do I change my username?

Users can change their username as long as the prospective username is available and doesn’t violate username guidelines. You cannot give yourself a username that is misleading, disruptive, confusing, or that gives off the impression that multiple people are using the account. It’s generally recommended that you avoid using your real name, especially if you edit in controversial areas. Examples of usernames you cannot choose are things like “IamChrisPratt”, “EnglishClassFall”, or “WikipediaEmployee”.

You can make a straightforward username request at Special:GlobalRenameRequest.

If your account is brand new, you can abandon this account and create a new one. The requirement for this is that the old account must be completely abandoned – you cannot sign into it again to edit or otherwise participate on Wikipedia.

2017-11-17 17:05:06 -0500 edited answer Can I change my course title?

You can change your course title on the home page, but be aware that this will change the course page's URL. If you have already sent out the URL for the original course title, you must send this new URL to those with the now-defunct course link.

To change the course title, go to the course's home page and select the "edit details" button on the details side bar. This will allow you to change multiple items, including the course's length and also add online volunteers or other instructors that may be participating in the course.

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Related questions

2017-11-16 18:42:56 -0500 edited answer Are course pages posted to Wikipedia?

Course pages are posted to Wikipedia and can be found by going to the Institution list and choosing your institution, then locating the class.

There's no need to update this course page, however, as Dashboard will do this for you. The Wikipedia course page listing exists in part to help show Wikipedians that the course is active and give an overview of the course.

Related questions - How can I find my course page?

2017-11-13 18:17:04 -0500 edited answer How do I find articles for my students to work on? What articles should I choose for my students?

Your first stop for finding articles that students can work on will be our Finding Articles orientation. This introduces the article category system, Wiki Projects, and the article assessment tables.

At the end of the orientation you should be able to review content on Wikipedia related to your course and generate an article list. The training also shows you how to add a topic you've selected to the list of "Available Articles" on the Articles tab of your course page.

We have also adapted this training for students: Finding Articles student training.

Follow up questions:

2017-11-13 18:16:32 -0500 edited answer How do I find an article for my project? How do I pick a topic? How do I choose an article?

With so many articles on Wikipedia, it's easy to get overwhelmed and panic about picking out an article! One of the best ways to solve the issue of an overabundance of topics is to consider the following questions:

  • Is my class focusing on a specific topic?
  • What are my interests?

For a more detailed walk-through, take a look at the Finding Your Article training for students on the Dashboard.

2017-11-08 17:16:03 -0500 edited answer How do I create a draft? How do I use my sandbox?

That's not a silly question at all! It's a good idea to know what should go into an article and how it should look before you start. Your sandbox is an excellent place to draft an article and practice editing.

Starting a draft
Go to your sandbox and start to edit. Just make sure that you're logged in! If you're not, then you will end up editing an IP address's sandbox, making it very easy to lose your work. Remember, a sandbox is just a draft space on Wikipedia. You can create as many sandboxes as you like.

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Creating a framework
Sometimes when you're starting a new article it can be helpful to put up a general framework. Don't worry if the article ends up looking slightly different - not all articles look the same. For this example I'm going to use a book article's general framework: the lead, synopsis/plot, development, reception, awards, and a reference section. After you're done setting this up you can add an infobox to the article as well.

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Wiki Education resources
For tips about what to include in your article, check out our subject specific handouts by topic:

From here you can start adding information to your article and flesh it out. Of course if you ever need any help, you can always talk to your Wikipedia experts for advice!

2017-11-08 16:45:43 -0500 edited answer Why are my edits and activity not showing up on Dashboard?

There could be a few reasons why your edits aren't showing up on Dashboard:

  1. You weren't logged into your account when you made your edits. If you weren't logged in and were editing under an IP address, then those edits won't get logged into Dashboard.

  2. Dashboard hasn't updated yet. Dashboard runs on a cycle of about 1-3 hours, so if you made very recent edits those will most likely not show up until the next cycle.

If you don't think that either of these things apply to your situation, please contact your content expert and let them know what is going on so they can direct the issue to our tech guru!

2017-11-08 16:39:41 -0500 edited answer How long do training modules take to complete?

The average training module lengths are listed on the launch page for each module, however this can differ from student to student. You can always revisit the modules later, but try to take your time with them the first time.

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2017-11-08 16:33:38 -0500 edited answer What is an edit-a-thon?

Edit-a-thons are organized events where Wikipedia editors gather to create or improve articles, typically in a specific topic area. Wiki Education does not provide support for these edit-a-thons.

2017-11-08 12:36:42 -0500 edited answer How can I write a good Did You Know hook?

One of the best things to do when writing a DYK hook is to look for something in the article that you find interesting. When you've done that:

  • Make sure your hook is backed up with a reliable source that explicitly states the claim you make.
  • Make sure the article as a whole meets guidelines. Editors at DYK will be looking carefully, and they are not obligated to fix anything for you.
  • Respect the DYK nomination process. It's extremely likely that you will be asked to fix issues or change something in the article. If you abandon the nomination, not only does it create extra and unnecessary work for other editors, but your nomination will also almost certainly be declined. Do not nominate an article for DYK unless you can be around for the whole process.

See Wiki Ed's handout on DYK submissions.

2017-11-08 12:25:04 -0500 edited answer Can we form student teams or groups to work on assignments?

It's not uncommon for some students to work in a group, but this is something your instructor decides. If they give you the go-ahead, just make sure that:

  • the topic you choose is notable
  • the topic is suitable for a group project
  • each person is aware of what they need to do for the project. Communicating is key!

At no point should the group share an account or have a group account, nor should any of your usernames suggest that an account is being used by more than one person. (ie, no accounts named Science Group 5 or named after the topic itself). Your account should only be used by you (one person) and the username should reflect on you as an individual.

2017-11-08 12:13:49 -0500 edited answer Where can I find my final article checklist? Where is the checklist before I complete my assignment?

You can view your final article checklist on page 15 of the Editing Wikipedia brochure.

There is also a "Ready for Mainspace" checklist which you can access on the Home tab of your course page under your My Articles section.

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And a "Peer Review Checklist" which you can also access from the Home tab of your course page under your My Articles section.

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2017-11-03 19:49:00 -0500 edited answer How do I create links? How do I link to other articles from my article?

In any given Wikipedia article, there are two main links you'll come across:

  • Blue text represents linked text. For the most part, these links will bring a reader from one Wikipedia article to another.

    For example: If you were reading about Chemistry Sets but then realized what you actually wanted to be reading about were other educational toys, you could click the "Educational Toy" blue link (see image) and follow it to that Wikipedia page.

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  • Red text is a link that does not yet exist as a Wikipedia article. When that article is created, that red link will automatically be updated to a blue one. See all those red links in the example below?

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Add links and categories to your article! An article on Wikipedia that does not link to any other article on Wikipedia is called an orphan, and cannot be easily found by other editors.

Adding a link using the VisualEditor

  1. Select "Edit" on the article and then highlight the word or phrase you want to link. In the example below, the word is "copper". image description

  2. Then, click the link icon above (it looks like a paperclip). This will open up a list of Wikipedia articles related to your highlighted term. image description

  3. Scroll through the list until you find the article that you want to link to. Select that article. The word you highlighted should now be blue. image description

  4. Select "save changes" and add an edit summary. image description

  5. "Save changes" one more time and boom, you're done!

2017-11-03 19:36:58 -0500 edited answer How do I edit my userpage? What can I add?

In general, your userpage should only have content about yourself as it pertains to Wikipedia, however some information about your interests is fine.

Things to add

  • Student tag: One of the most important things to have on your page is the tag that identifies you as a student enrolled in an educational class, as it helps other editors know who you are.

Things you should not add (Find the full list here.)

  • Personal information: Anyone can see your userpage, so do not list where you live, go to school, or your contact information.
  • Copyrighted content: Just as with articles, your userpage should not contain anything taken from another source unless they are in the public domain or were licensed with a Creative Commons license.
  • Content that harasses another person.

  • A note of caution: you should never edit another person's userpage without permission.

How to find and edit your userpage

  • Enter your username in the search bar (User:Shalor (Wiki Ed)).
  • OR click your username at the top right hand portion of the page. Make sure you're logged in or you won't see it!
  • Once at your userpage, click "edit" to begin editing as you would any other type of page on Wikipedia.

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2017-11-03 19:18:23 -0500 edited answer What kinds of images can I use?

To summarize these available resources, a good upload is an image that:

Is under free license
Copyrighted images should not be uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. However, copyrighted images can be used in articles about books, films, or music, where the work's cover artwork would be helpful in identifying the work in question.

Is relevant
For example, it would be appropriate to add an image of a Spanish person to the article about Spanish people, while an image of a grocery store in Spain would most likely not make any sense. It may seem obvious to me that grocery stores are important to the health and economy of Spanish citizens, but it doesn't really add anything to an article about people.

Similarly, because Wikipedia is not censored, images that may be considered shocking or obscene can be uploaded. Be cautious in this situation, as these images should only be used to make an article more informative. In these cases, it's a good idea to first ask your Wikipedia Expert if the image should be added.

Adds something to the article
Avoid adding redundant images, especially if there are already high quality similar images in the article that would be more helpful. The only exception to this would be if you had images that showed a different aspect or version of the topic, as in the case of the painting the Mona Lisa, where there are closeups of specific details and of other important, similar paintings.

2017-11-02 18:24:50 -0500 received badge  Enthusiast
2017-11-01 18:39:54 -0500 edited answer My article is up for deletion!

Deletion means that the article has been nominated to be removed from Wikipedia because it violates one of Wikipedia's guidelines. Generally, the best way to handle a deletion nomination is to address what the nominating editor found problematic about your work. Try to assume good faith, and don't be afraid to ask the editor about their reasons. You can also ask your Wikipedia Expert for advice.

The most common types of deletion, and how to deal with them, are as follows:

Speedy deletion
This is when an article violates a guideline listed on the speedy deletion page. The most common violations (and how to fix them) are:

  • Notability: Try to find independent, reliable sources to show where the topic has received coverage and (if possible) expand the article with more content.
  • Promotional: Make sure that you write the article in a neutral fashion. Go back through your work and remove promotional buzzwords or anything that makes the article seem like an advertisement.
  • Copyright violations: The best thing to do would be to immediately re-write the article to remove the copyrighted content.

Proposed deletion (PROD)
This deletion proposal gives editors seven days to contest or resolve any issues before it is deleted. While you can remove a PROD notice, you should only do so if you can resolve the article's issues or explain yourself on the talk page. Even in cases where you believe the nominator was wrong, it's always a good idea to check over the article's content and sourcing!

Articles for Deletion (AfD)
An article can be nominated for AfD if the nominating editor believes that it violates guidelines, but that it would not qualify for a speedy deletion. The editor may believe that others will contest the nomination and that the article should be discussed by several people over a period of several days. AfDs typically run for one week. You have that time to resolve any issues that qualifies your work for deletion.

If your article is deleted
If the article does end up getting deleted you can always ask the deleting administrator to send you a copy of the page via e-mail (you need to have your email enabled) to pass along to your educator. If you're interested in trying to work on the page and it doesn't have any major issues like copyright violations, you can also ask to have a copy of the article sent to your sandbox or userspace. Only do this if you're truly interested in working on the page, though!

This is why it's a good idea to work on articles in your sandbox before moving them live and to refer to the Editing Wikipedia brochure.

2017-11-01 18:00:52 -0500 edited answer How do I transfer citations when translating a page

First make sure article is notable

  • Guidelines on notability and sourcing can differ between the various Wikipedias, so make sure that your article passes these guidelines before beginning translation. If you haven't already, please review the Translating Articles module before starting any article translation.

That said, there are two ways to ensure that the sourcing will transfer over to the English Wikipedia.

Using source mode

  • Copy and paste the entire content from the original language to your sandbox. Press Ctrl+A, then Ctrl+C. Switch to the source mode editor in your sandbox, then paste the content by hitting Ctrl+V.
  • Make sure that when you copy the content from the original article, that it is open in source mode or you will not copy the sourcing. Before you save the content in your sandbox, make sure to remove the categories from the bottom of the article.

Using VisualEditor

  • Copying the content in VisualEditor is very similar, as both your sandbox and the original article must be open in source mode. It may take a few seconds for the material to show up when you copy it or when you save.

  • I personally recommend that you work in VisualEditor whenever possible, as it's easier to re-add citations in VisualEditor.

Checking the sources

  • Each Wikipedia has a slightly different way that they code their sources due to language differences. So make sure your sources show up correctly. This potential difference is also true of templates.
  • It's a good idea to bookmark the original entry to make sure that you translate everything.
2017-10-27 18:24:30 -0500 edited answer Can other people see my sandbox?

While your fellow students can find your sandbox page by looking through your course's Dashboard page, other editors on Wikipedia can see it too. Sometimes people will look through another person's edits and check out their sandbox out of curiosity, while in other cases your sandbox may appear on someone's radar because it contained plagiarism.

Essentially, anything you write on Wikipedia (no matter where you write it!) can be viewed by anyone else, so be careful about what you add to your sandbox and userspace. Your sandbox is a space to do things like draft your article, collect sources, or practice editing. Click here for a list of content you should avoid adding to your sandbox.

2017-10-27 18:05:02 -0500 edited answer Can you help me post to my sandbox?

We can help show you how to make edits and check to see if there is anything wrong with your account, but we cannot make these edits for you. That would make it more difficult for you to participate in the collaborative nature of Wikipedia.

We have an overview of making a draft here, but if you have more questions please don't hesitate to contact your Content Expert!

2017-10-27 18:01:53 -0500 edited answer Is there any limit to what I can do in my sandbox?

The sandbox area is a great place to practice editing tactics that you're not familiar with. If you mess up a template or make a faulty edit, then no harm no foul - it only happened in your sandbox! It's also a great place to see if a certain edit will make a page look right or not.

What should not go in your sandbox:

  • Copyrighted, offensive, or libelous material: Just as you cannot add this to the mainspace or anywhere else on Wikipedia, the same applies to your sandbox. Wikipedia has a "bot" that can detect copyright violations and tag them accordingly.
  • Personal information: Everything in your sandbox and userspace is public!
  • Live categories: adding a live category to your sandbox will make it visible to anyone searching in the category's list page. If you do want to add categories to your page for later, add them like this: [[:Category:Living people]]. Putting a colon in after the brackets will keep it from becoming visible. When you move the page live you can remove the colon and the categories will show up like normal.
2017-10-27 16:29:06 -0500 edited answer How do I make a time signature? How do I sign my comments?

To sign a comment you need to leave four tildes after you've finished writing your message: ~~~~

This leaves a signature that looks like this: Shalor (Wiki Ed) (talk) 17:29, 24 July 2017 (UTC)

You should always sign every comment that you leave. This way, others will know who posted and when. Live articles are the only place you shouldn't sign, however. (Although you should sign anything you write on the talk page.) Note: the four tildes won't make a signature on a draft page in VisualEditor.

For more information see the training module "Editing Basics".

2017-10-27 16:25:12 -0500 edited answer How do I know I have made any changes or edits on Wikipedia?

There are two ways to check if your edits have been saved.

  1. Check your personal edit history.
  2. Check the edit history of a particular article.

Checking your personal edit history

Click on the "contributions" tab on the right top portion of the page.

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This will bring up every edit you've made on every page you've edited, with most recent edits at the top.

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Checking the edit history on an article

If you're concerned with your edits on a specific entry, look at that page's history through the "View history" tab.

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This will show all edits made to that page, user names of the editors, and time stamps of when they were made. If the user left an edit summary (and you should do this with live articles) then you will be able to see this as well.

My edit isn't showing up in either of these places!

  • Were you signed in? If you weren't, any edits you made would show up under an IP address (which is hard for your instructor to track. Remember to always sign in!).
  • You may not have saved the page completely. This is pretty easy to do, even if you've been editing for years. Sometimes it's because the edit screen was left open for so long (typically many, many hours) or because you hit preview and didn't hit save.

Remember this old gaming mantra: "Save early and save often!" Not only does this make it less likely that you'll skip over the save button but it may also make it easier to spot any errors you make while editing.

2017-10-27 16:07:03 -0500 edited answer How do I approach my article?

If you're feeling unsure on what you should do with your article, try answering these questions:

  • What does the article do well?
  • Is it missing any sources?
  • Do any of its sources seem unreliable and/or biased?
  • Is each fact referenced with an appropriate, reliable reference?
  • Does the article cover all of the major, important information?
  • Are there viewpoints that are overrepresented, or underrepresented?
  • Does the article maintain a neutral tone?
  • What is missing?

It's a good idea in general to review an article this way before adding or removing information. This way, you can ensure your actions will result in an improvement.

Also, make sure to work on major changes in your sandbox before posting them live on an article. This will give you a chance to see how it will appear and ensure that the content is accurate.

For more information on reviewing an article, look over the module on evaluating articles and sources again, as well as the brochure Evaluating Wikipedia.

2017-10-25 13:34:07 -0500 received badge  Associate Editor (source)
2017-10-25 13:34:07 -0500 edited answer Where can I find Wiki Education's resources for illustrating Wikipedia?

Wiki Education has a training module "Contributing Images and Media Files". We also have an "Illustrating Wikipedia" brochure. If you're just looking for a brief overview, check out page 11 of the "Editing Wikipedia" brochure.

2017-10-25 13:33:18 -0500 edited answer What is a lead section?

Per Wikipedia, a lead section is a brief overview of the article topic and is found at the top of the page. The lead should:

  • Identify the topic

This is typically satisfied by the opening sentence, which is normally phrased something like "Uma Karuna Thurman (born April 29, 1970) is an American actress and model." The title of the article should be bolded in the opening sentence.

  • Establish context

This can normally be accomplished with the lead sentence or with one additional sentence. In our example, Uma Thurman is American, a model, and an actress, which is already explained in that opening sentence.

  • Explain why the topic is notable

This is something along the lines of naming a key accomplishment or highlight. For Uma Thurman's article, you may include her nominations for notable awards or her most well known roles. This won't be an exhaustive list; you can go into specifics in later sections.

  • Summarize the most important points

At the very most, the lead section should only be four paragraphs long and it should not make up the bulk of the article. For most entries, the lead section will only be a few sentences.

For more information, review page nine of the brochure "Editing Wikipedia".

2017-10-25 13:05:45 -0500 edited answer How do I undo something I accidentally posted to Wikipedia?

Here's how you can revert your additions to a page:

  • Go to that page's edit history by clicking on the View history button at the upper right.
  • You will see a list of previous edits. Select the edit prior to yours, which will bring up that previous version of the page.

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  • Save this version. Your edits have been reverted!

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Be careful, however - if your edit contained copyright violations or plagiarism, you should make sure to notify an administrator or your Content Expert so that edit can be deleted.

Related questions

2017-10-25 13:03:17 -0500 edited question How do I undo something I accidentally posted to Wikipedia?

I accidentally posted something live that I didn't mean to! How can I get this sent back to my draftspace or get it deleted?

2017-10-23 18:29:54 -0500 edited answer How can I change the language setting on Wikipedia?

You can change your language settings on Wikipedia by going to the Preferences tag on the upper right hand side of the screen:

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The language setting tab is on the first page, the user profile page. You can scroll down the list of available languages until you see yours. Select it and save the page - the information on the user bar and on the side of the screen should now show up in your language. On a side note, you can also alter the account's gender preferences on how the software (but not other users) refers to you.

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One note of caution - this will not change the language of the articles - they will still show up in English.

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2017-10-23 18:22:29 -0500 edited answer Why can't two people work on the same article?

Two people cannot edit the same article because of the software Wikipedia uses, as it cannot automatically reconcile both users' edits. To minimize the chances of receiving an edit conflict:

  • Save your work frequently

This reduces the risk of an edit conflict, and makes it easier to resolve if one arises.

  • Edit one Section at a time, when practical

The system can cope if different editors are editing different sections at the same time. This may not work with VisualEditor.

  • Start new articles in sandboxes

When you are ready to stop editing for an hour or so, move your new articles into the mainspace and watch what others do to them. If you are both trying to edit one sandbox, try to coordinate edits offline.

  • Simply put {{inuse}} on an article before making a major edit

Wikipedia's "In Use" notice in its Template namespace may discourage other editors from editing while you are editing. Remove it when the editing is complete.